Monthly Archives: October 2021

‘धन’ और ‘धान’ की अतीत में सिसकता धनबाद

24 अक्टूबर को धनबाद के स्थापना दिवस पर उत्तम मुखर्जी का लेख

धनबाद कभी ‘धान’ की धरती था।धान उगलती धरती के कारण ही यहां के गांव-कस्बों का नाम खेतों की प्रकृति के अनुसार निर्धारित किए गए थे। मसलन कनाली, बाइद, बहियार, टांड़, आदि। रामकनाली, बहियारडीह, छाताबाद, छाताटांड़… आदि। यहां धान की उपज खूब होती थी। दामोदर, कतरी, कारी, खोदो..नदियों से घिरा था इलाका। पर्वत-पहाड़, वन-पाथर से आच्छादित एक मनोरम स्थल।बहियार खेतों में पानी सालोभर रहता था। बाइद खेतों की सिंचाई नदियों के पानी से होती थी। पहले धनबाद मानभूम जिले का हिस्सा था। उस समय बाइद खेत के अनुरूप धनबाद का नाम ‘धनबाइद’ था।
DHANBAID का मुख्यालय पुरुलिया था। वर्तमान में पुरुलिया पश्चिम बंगाल के हिस्से में है। धनबाद के सहायक उपायुक्त ADC बैठते थे। ICS लुबी साहब ADC थे। उन्होंने ही DHANBAID से I शब्द को विलोपित कर शहर का नाम धनबाद ..DHANBAD रखा।
भाषा के नाम पर भी यह शहर विवाद झेल चुका है।जो विवाद गहराया था वह बंगाल और बिहार के मुख्यमंत्रीद्वय डॉ विधान चन्द्र राय और श्रीकृष्ण सिंह की उदार भावना और पहल के बिना खत्म होना मुश्किल था। सन’ 1905 में बंग भंग आंदोलन हुआ । 1911 में इसे खारिज़ किया गया । वर्ष’ 1912 में मानभूम को बिहार-उड़ीसा के अधीन रखा गया। 1921 में मानभूम कांग्रेस का गठन हुआ । निवारण चन्द्र दासगुप्ता अध्यक्ष और अतुल चन्द्र घोष सचिव बने । आज़ादी के बाद मानभूम बिहार के हिस्से गया । ज़िला स्कूल में हिंदी का साइन बोर्ड लगाया गया ।हिंदी को जिले की भाषा बनाई गई। फिर भाषा आंदोलन शुरू हुआ । वर्ष’ 1948 में अध्यक्ष और सचिव समेत कांग्रेस के 35 सदस्यों ने हिंदी के विरोध में इस्तीफ़ा दिया । बांग्ला के समर्थन में लोक सेवक संघ का गठन हुआ। कोलकाता मार्च हुआ ।पाखेरबेड़ा का यह आंदोलन देश भर में चर्चित हुआ । बांग्ला के समर्थन में सत्याग्रह , हाल जोल और टुसू सत्याग्रह आंदोलन शुरू हुए। विवाद के नाम पर भाईचारे की कब्र खोदी जानी शुरू हो गई। बांग्ला-हिंदी मिलकर ‘जय हिंद’ के लिए कुर्बानी दी जा रही थी । अब दोनों भाषाएं आमने-सामने थीं । बाद में बंगाल के मुख्यमंत्री डॉ विधान चन्द्र राय और बिहार के सीएम श्रीकृष्ण सिंह ने मिलकर राह आसान किए । 1956 के 24 अक्टूबर को 2007 वर्गमील क्षेत्र , 16 थाना मिलाकर मानभूम से पुरूलिया को अलग कर बंगाल का हिस्सा बनाया गया जबकि धनबाद को बिहार में रखा गया । उस समय बोकारो भी धनबाद का हिस्सा था। बाद में टिस्को के आग्रह पर बंगाल के मुख्यमंत्री डॉ विधान चन्द्र राय ने धनबाद के साथ चांडिल , ईचागढ़ और पटमदा को भी बिहार के हवाले किए ।

मानभूम कल्चर आज भी धनबाद के गांवों में देखने को मिलता है। टुसू, भादू की पूजा आज भी यहां के गांवों में होती है।
मानभूम का जब विभाजन हुआ पणिक्कर कमीशन का गठन हुआ था। मानभूम के कौन सा इलाके को बंगाल को दिया जाए और कौन इलाका बिहार में रहे, इसे लेकर आयोग के सदस्य उलझन में रहे। बाद में उलूध्वनि(शादी में बंगाली समाज की महिलाएं एक ध्वनि निकालती है), अंडा-डिम, रस्सी-दड़ी, डोल-बाल्टी…इन शब्दों के सहारे सर्वे कर…चास रोड के दूसरे छोर के हिस्से को पुरुलिया में रखकर बंगाल को दिया गया। शेष हिस्से को धनबाद बनाकर बिहार का जिला बनाया गया।

धनबाद के सांसद पीआर चक्रवर्ती को जानिए…

मानभूम से ही अलग होकर धनबाद का गठन हुआ है। पीआर चक्रवर्ती यहां से एकबार सांसद रह चुके हैं । पीआर चक्रवर्ती नेहरूजी के करीबी रहे । एकबार उन्हें धनबाद से सांसद का टिकट मिल गया । हालांकि उनकी यहां कोई पहचान नहीं थी । लोगों को उम्मीद थी कि डीसी मल्लिक को कांग्रेस टिकट देगी । हालांकि चक्रवर्ती के पास नेहरूजी का एक पत्र था जिसमें उन्होंने कहा था कि उन्हें वोट देना है। वह लेटर काफी चर्चे में आया था । लोग कहते हैं बिना पहचान के सिर्फ़ नेहरूजी के पत्र के सहारे पीआर चक्रवर्ती चुनावी वैतरणी पार कर गए थे । उस समय भी नेताओं के बीच नाराज़गी होती थी लेकिन लोग दुश्मन नहीं बनते थे । मल्लिक का टिकट कटने के बाद भी चक्रवर्ती उनके आवास में ही ठहरते थे और मल्लिक उन्हें मदद भी करते थे । पीआर चक्रवर्ती ढाका विश्वविद्यालय के प्रोफेसर
रहे । ढाका वर्तमान में बांग्लादेश की राजधानी है ।विभाजन के समय चक्रवर्ती मानभूम के पुरूलिया आ गए थे । वे एआईसीसी के सचिव भी बने बाद में देवघर स्थित अनुकूल ठाकुर के आश्रम में चले गए। फिर धनबाद की ओर कभी रूख नहीं किए।

भुला दिए गए आदिनाथ

आदिनाथ भूगर्भशास्त्री थे। वे NCDC की कोलियरियों में निदेशक भी थे। कोल माइनिंग फ्यूल रिसर्च इंस्टीच्यूट की स्थापना में भी उनकी भूमिका रही। जब सत्तर के दशक में चारी कमिटी की सिफारिश पर कोयला उद्योग का राष्ट्रीयकरण हुआ, वे वैज्ञानिक पद्धति से खनन का प्रस्ताव दिए थे। उनके प्रस्ताव पर अमल नहीं हुआ। धनबाद का कोयला उद्योग आज मरणासन्न हो गया। आज जब अन्य कोयला कम्पनियां 100 मिलियन टन से ऊपर कोयला उत्पादन कर रही हैं। धनबाद स्थित BCCL 25 मिलियन टन में सिमट गई है। डेढ़ लाख से ऊपर मैनपावर BCCL में था। आज 39 हजार में सिकुड़ गया। फिर भी मज़दूर सरप्लस लग रहे। अगर आउटसोर्सिंग कम्पनियां न रहे तो कम्पनी खुद के बूते पर खड़ी नहीं रह सकती है। भारत-रूझ मैत्री के तहत खुले मुकुंदा प्रोजेक्ट और भारत-फ्रांस मैत्री के तहत शुरू किए गए लांग वाल मेकानाइज़्ड खदान अब अतीत की कहानी बन चुके हैं। झरिया, कतरास और केंदुआ शहर आग और भूधसान की चपेट में है।
धनबाद को गर्व है

धनबाद से निकले सुबोध जयसवाल आज CBI के निदेशक हैं। राकेश अस्थाना भी धनबाद के CBI SP रह चुके हैं। वीरेंद्र सिंह धनोआ ने सर्जिकल स्ट्राइक किया, उनका बचपन धनबाद में बीता। जस्टिस एसबी सिन्हा सुप्रीम कोर्ट के जज बने। धनबाद को इस बात पर भी गर्व हो सकता है कि कोकिंग कोल सिर्फ यही इलाका देता है। देश का दूसरा सबसे बड़ा राजस्व धनबाद रेल डिवीजन देता है ।CMPF, DGMS, ISM-IIT, CIMFR जैसी केंद्रीय संस्थाएं यहां हैं। लोगों को पीड़ा है कि आज भी धनबाद को एक अदद एयरपोर्ट नहीं मिला। एक बेहतर अस्पताल नहीं मिला। कई शहरों को जोड़नेवाले गया ब्रिज आज संकट में है। शहर के हृदयस्थल बैंक मोड़ से लेकर स्टेशन तक लोगों के लिए पैदल चलना भी मुश्किल है। तीन शहर अस्तित्व संकट से जूझ रहे हैं। यहां की प्रमुख भाषा खोरठा को आज भी उचित सम्मान नहीं मिला। लाखों फॉलोवर होने के बावजूद विनय तिवारी, मनोज देहाती जैसे लेखक-कलाकार को यथोचित सम्मान नहीं मिला। मिलेनियम सिटी बनाने का सपना टूटकर बिखर गया। रंगदारी, हत्या, कोयले के कारोबार पर कब्ज़ा… रोजमर्रे की बात है। कृषि तो कब का इतिहास बन चुकी है। न ‘धान’ और न ‘धन’ की धरती बन पा रहा धनबाद।

Education 3.0

https://www.freepressjournal.in/weekend/back-to-school-neither-offline-nor-online-because-education-30-is-all-about-hybrid-learning
The article was published in The Free Press Journal in its eduition dated October 24, 2021.

Lanka’s Sleeping Demon Kumbhakaran joins mattress brand Wakefit as Chief Sleep Officer

In this exciting role, the greatest sleep influencer on Earth will officially test the mattresses, and they will be dispatched to a customer only once #ApprovedbyKumbhakarn. 

New Delhi, October 18, 2021: Wakefit has appointed Kumbhakarn (KK) as the Chief Sleep Officer on October 12, 2021, and in this role, he will be officially “testing” all Wakefit mattresses before they are delivered at a customer’s doorstep.

“I am the official “tester” 👮 of Wakefit mattresses. No mattress shall show up at your doorstep without being #ApprovedbyKumbhkaran. If it reaches slightly late, then you can blame it on me. Woh kya hain na, I am quite meticulouzzz. 😉,” says the sleeping demon on his appointment as CSO, Wakefit. 

The official communication announcing KK’s appointment as CSO, Wakefit.

The reasons for joining Wakefit are obvious. His work days are gonna be sleep days, and who wouldn’t want that. “At my previous workplace, they often caught me sleeping 😴 on the job. It was against the rules, they said. Pfft! They were the worst. Believe it or not, once they made a thousand elephants walk over me to wake me up. 😒 Speak of toxic bosses, right? Well, mine was a demon so,” says KK, adding how his previous employer often shamed him for his sleeping habits.   

But he is glad that his passion has finally been recognized by the wonderful folks at Wakefit. He thanked Wakefit founder Ankit Garg and co-founder Chaitanya Ramalingegowda for recruiting him for this vacation… ahem, position. 

“I am highly enthuzzziastic about sleep. I am a total foodie and believe that one must have the cake and eat it too, basically, eat cake twice! My jokes make me chuckle even in my sleep. My favorite saying is, May the snores be with you. Yes, believe it or not, Obi-Wan Kenobi stole it from me,” KK proudly proclaims about his biggest strength, the power to have a sound sleep.

As morale booster in Ravana’s Lankan Army, he had witnessed 13 days of absolute chaos. Calling it a professional mistake, KK says the stint taught him that he can’t lose sleep over someone else’s whims and fancies. “I enjoyed the first few days, but the boss expected too much of me. If you think your boss is two-faced, mine was ten-faced! Also, no chai-sona breaks. Can you believe that? What were they thinking?,” he quips. 

KK had also delivered a BED Talk on this professional mistake. It has more than 10 million hits so far.

“If all of us could learn one thing from Kumbhkaran is laser sharp focus on the task at hand. Absolutely hates multitasking and hustle. Lots to learn from him and his inputs have really benefited our business.” 

Prateek Malpani, Head Of Brand at Wakefit

Talking about his growing up years in Lanka where he was just another friendly daemon, he says, “My job basically entailed sleeping, and boy was I the best in the business! But alas, my joy was short-lived. I mean just a couple of centuries, but they went by so quickly, like a few years. 😒 Good old days. Anyway, I am keeping my face toward the sun, because unlike you, the sun got nothing on my sleep. 😏😬

KK is a proud recipient of three awards, Asian Hypnos, Asian Thanos and Philo-sooo-pher of the Year. At Wakefit, he is currently working on Project Operation Cheap Thrill. He holds a Doctor of Philosophy from Narad Muni University.  

“Kumbhkaran is a great team leader and runs tight meetings with clear agendas – everyone gets to sleep. Such an inspiration!”

Mosab A., Growth & Strategy at Wakefit
Movies, Masti and Snore… yes, that’s what keeps Wakefit’s CSO on his toes, ahem, bed.

The greatest sleep influencer on Earth, Kumbhakaran has proven experience in quality assurance, philosophy, army and sleep training, that will come in handy in his current role as Chief Sleep Officer. 

Click here: https://bit.ly/3DBOCSi to interact with KK and see for yourself.

A Pillar of the Post

https://www.freepressjournal.in/weekend/india-post-undergoes-a-tech-tonic-makeover-to-match-the-pace-of-changing-times
The article was published in The Free Press Journal in the edition dated October 17, 2021.

During National Postal Week that concluded on October 16, I spoke to women working in the Mumbai Postal Region, at different levels of hierarchy, about what it means to be part of the world’s largest postal network.

On the occasion of National Mails Day on October 16, 2021, India Post, Mumbai Region, took a tech-tonic leap and launched a new mobile application, Know Your Postman. The mobile application is a brainchild of Swati Pandey, Postmaster-General (PMG) of Mumbai Region. The unique android application designed and created by Mumbai Postal Region will enable Mumbaikars to get the details of their beat postman when searched by locality, area, post office name and Pin Code; more than 86,000 localities of Mumbai city and suburb are readily available in the database. There are 89 delivery post offices in Mumbai city, around 2,000 postmen/women with mobile devices, and around 2 to 2.5 lakh accountable mails, which includes speed posts, registered posts, Aadhar cards, passports, etc. that are delivered every day.

“Know Your Postman is an initiative towards digitisation of the postal network that will enable the working population of Mumbai to directly communicate with their beat postman and facilitate delivery as per their convenience.”

Swati Pandey, Postmaster-General, Mumbai region

Earlier, the postal department was synonymous with letters, parcels, money orders, telegrams, etc. But today, India Post is much more than these, remaining relevant by adding a plethora of services under its wings. A significant part of it deals with financial inclusion vis-a-vis savings. For the unversed, the Post Office Savings Bank provides some of the best small scale savings schemes to individuals. India Post also delivers old-age pensions at customers’ doorsteps, does Aadhar enrolment and updation work in post offices, and has a formidable clientele on the Business Development wing. 

Besides these, the India Post Payment Bank instantly transfers money to any part of the country if the Aadhar card is linked with the customer’s bank account. “So, the bouquet of services that we provide in present days makes us completely relevant, and we are the leading organization in public service across the country,” says Pandey, adding how postmen and postwomen, who are the brand ambassadors of India Post, have undergone a major makeover in the present era and are matching the pace of changing times.

Being a postwoman

Postwoman Radhika Milind Parkar, 58, shares a deep bond with India Post. Parkar’s father was a postmaster, while his uncle and aunt served in the post office, so joining the postal network was the obvious choice. “I had joined as an Extra Department Stamp Vendor in 1982 at a salary of Rs 90. My first posting was at Malabar Hill Post Office. I have always felt at home in the Post Office,” she recounts.

Her salary had touched Rs 500 by the time she appeared for the Departmental Exam in 1990, cleared it and joined as a postwoman at Grant Road PO. “I was posted there till 2008, and have been at Mahim PO since then,” she says. A mother of two boys, one of whom is specially-abled, Parkar thanks her stars for bagging this job and staying put all through. She is one of the three postwomen at Mahim Bazar all-women Post Office.

The ratio of the postwoman to the postman in the country is approximately 10% to 15%, but change is round the corner. “Of late, I have seen that women are approaching this field with enthusiasm and sit for exams held by the department of post to become a postwoman, and that’s so heartening,” says Sub Postmaster Amrita Jogi of Mahim Bazar all-women Post Office.

Currently, women are manning nine post offices across Mumbai city and suburb. “Earlier, there were fewer postwomen, considering the outdoor mode of work that included door-to-door visits and long working hours. However, with time more and more women have started joining the service, and in present days the ratio has reduced,” says Pandey, Indian Postal Services officer and administrative head of 229 post offices across Mumbai city and suburb..

The face of India Post

Pandey was instrumental in launching the Smartest Postmen Campaign and Digital Identity of Postmen. Talking about the initiative, she observes how the image of the postmen/postwomen has undergone a tech-tonic shift over the years. “We visualize a postman as a lean, grey-moustached, old man delivering letters to us, but the real fact is that young, smart, tech-savvy cool gentlemen have long replaced that old, grey-moustached men with smartphones in bikes and two-wheelers delivering mails to us. Postmen and postwomen are the brand ambassadors of India Post who have undergone a major makeover in the present era. These two campaigns were initiated to change the viewpoint of people towards post offices and postmen,” she says.

The smartest postmen campaign awards the title to one postman and one postwoman from every post office in Mumbai city and suburb based on their smart approach, proper dress up and chutzpah, while the Digital Identity of Postmen is an effort to emphasise the digitalization of India Post, where you can scroll on the mobile application and get details of your beat postmen. “Both the initiatives are to change the face of postmen/postwomen before the public and make them feel better in look and smarter at work,” says the PMG.

The uniform is their prized possession. “The khaki salwar-kameez with the India Post logo is my identity. It gets me immense respect from people. I am familiar with the nook and corner of Mahim, and the people I have been serving are like my extended family members. A few of them even call me to check my well-being on the days when they don’t see me around in the area,” she says, beaming with pride talking about people in and around her service area, who are the biggest asset that she’s accumulated over the years. She starts the round at 10 am, goes door-to-door on foot, distributes mail, and trudges back to the post office by 3 pm, and calls it a day by 4 pm. “The goodwill earned by me is my actual gratuity. I will be able to live off that alone after I retire in another two years,” she adds.

Empowering women

Jogi, who had joined as Postal Assistant at Tulsiwadi PO in 1993, is today at the helm of affairs at the all-women Post Office in Mahim Bazar inaugurated on the eve of Republic Day last year. In all these years, she has seen India Post adapt to the changing times and adopt newer ways to serve the customers. “All postal business transactions are made available with proper display of services at Mahim Bazar PO. All types of saving bank services, Multipurpose Counter Machine services, India Post Payment Bank services, Common Service Centre services, Aadhar services, etc., are offered here and are provided by women staff only,” she says.

The response of the public is overwhelming, and Mahim Bazar PO sees a high footfall of women. “People appreciate our services a lot. It motivates us to work with more enthusiasm. Many customers are astonished to find that an all-women staff runs this office,” says Jogi. She attributes the smooth run to her colleagues at the PO, who leave no stone unturned, come what may. “The staff here is always on its toes. Despite facing a lot of pressure, they handle it patiently. The staff is efficient and adept at work, and that makes me so proud of all of them,” she states. 

The work that Parkar does as part of her job is the same as that for a man. “Work doesn’t differentiate between our genders, and even we don’t. We walk shoulder to shoulder and give each day our best, delivering letters and other items from door-to-door, day and night,” says the postwoman.

Rising to the occasion

During the pandemic, India Post played a vital role in delivering medicines to needy people, banking facilities, and even Aadhar services, apart from regular work. “When people were scared to step out of their homes, India Post took the initiative to provide essential items to the people, deliver PPE Kits to hospitals, etc. Also, we offered Aadhaar-related services to people as it was indispensable for COVID19 vaccination purposes,” says Jogi.

Pandey, who was instrumental in launching SOFT or Supporting Officials for Treatment during the pandemic, states, “Mumbai was the worst affected city during the first wave of COVID. Helplessly watching my team succumb to the deadly virus, depressed and agitated me. SOFT was the outcome of this emotional trauma. I formed a team of officers who would extend help from admission in hospitals to delivering medicines and groceries at the doorsteps of the COVID affected members of India Post, Mumbai Region.”

To build a proper communication chain, she coordinated with the local authorities, local hospitals, and nursing homes to make beds available immediately for the patients, 24×7. “We coordinated with the medical and grocery shops as well to readily provide service to my team members. SOFT was an immensely successful initiative that the Directorate later adopted as part of their HR policy,” adds Pandey.

Indian Postal Services Officer Swati Pandey, who happens to be the first officer of the India Post to win a National Film Award for her documentary on Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose, Elephants Do Remember. As a career bureaucrat and administrative head of 229 post offices across Mumbai city and suburb, Pandey no doubt has a tremendously hectic work schedule, yet the “keeda” of filmmaking keeps her on her toes. “Currently, I am working on a script that may take off in the middle of the coming year,” says the filmmaker bureaucrat. She started the Heritage Walk of Mumbai GPO in 2019, and authored a book titled Dawn under the Dome on the illustrious history of the Mumbai General Post Office with one of her staff members, Orchida Mukherjee.   

Why is an eye lazy to see?

https://www.newindianexpress.com/lifestyle/health/2017/nov/11/when-apple-of-your-eye-gets-a-lazy-eye-1697058.html

Tests and diagnosis: 

The ophthalmologist will look for a wandering eye, as well as a difference in vision between the eyes or poor vision in both eyes. Depending on the child’s age, tests may include the following:
* Newborns: Red reflex test to look for cataracts, using a lighted magnifying device (ophthalmoscope)
* Infants: Test for ability to fixate their gaze and follow a moving object, as well as check for strabismus
* Toddlers: Red reflex test, photo screening or remote auto refraction
* Preschoolers and older children: Testing using pictures or letters. Each eye is patched in turn to test the other
The doctor may also check for inflammation, tumors and other inner eye problems.

Common causes of the condition

Muscle imbalance (Squint): The most common cause of lazy eye is an imbalance in the muscles that position the eyes. This imbalance can cause the eyes to cross in or turn out, and prevents them from tracking together in a coordinated way.

Difference in sharpness of vision between the eyes (refractive anisometropia): A significant difference between the prescriptions in each eye can result in lazy eye. Glasses or contact lenses are typically used to correct these refractive problems.

Deprivation of sight: Any problem with one eye — such as a cloudy area in the lens (cataract) — can deprive a child of clear vision in that eye. Deprivation amblyopia in infancy requires urgent treatment to prevent permanent vision loss. Deprivation amblyopia often results in the most severe amblyopia.

Treatment options depend on the cause of lazy eye and on how much the condition is affecting the child’s vision.

Corrective eyewear: Glasses or contact lenses can correct problems such as nearsightedness, farsightedness or astigmatism that result in lazy eye.

Eye patches: To stimulate the weaker eye, your child may wear an eye patch over the stronger eye. The patch is generally worn for two to six hours a day.

Eyedrops: A twice-weekly eyedrop of a medication called atropine (Isopto Atropine) can temporarily blur vision in the stronger eye. This will encourage your child to use the weaker eye, and offers an alternative to wearing a patch. Side effects include sensitivity to light.

Surgery: If the child’s eyes cross or wander apart, the doctor may recommend surgical repair for the eye muscles. The child may also need surgery if he or she has droopy eyelids or cataracts.

World Sight Day 2021: Touch to See, Listen to Know

https://www.freepressjournal.in/cmcm/they-cant-see-but-they-can-read
https://mindthegapalways.in/2017/04/23/touch-to-see-listen-to-know/

Grooming is a man thing

Does one cream fit all? No, not anymore. Not just women, but the men, are equally conscious of their looks. After all, it pays to look presentable, and well-groomed. And unlike the common perception that men aren’t bothered enough to pay attention to their skin, beard, hair, men do care, and a lot more than ever. True that! Even though the millennial generation has grown up watching the men in the family apply nothing more than Old Spice after shaving lotion as far as grooming was concerned, and it was the only indulgence. Then came the onslaught of creams, and here too, they were happy to use the products meant only for women because none existed for them. But going by the way the men’s grooming market is expanding in every conceivable dimension – categories that people are using, diversity of choice variables, price points that are operational, and so on, there is one cream for every season, to suit any occasion and indeed, for a good reason. Be it skin care, body and bath, hair care, or beard and moustache; a man is spoiled for choice when it comes to a grooming range explicitly meant for them, from the tip to that toe, nothing is off that grooming range. Because a well-groomed man is a complete man.

Shillpi A singh

https://www.freepressjournal.in/lifestyle/male-grooming-is-booming

Rheumatoid Arthritis is more common in women

On World Arthritis Health, Dr Siddharth M. Shah says that Rheumatoid Arthritis impacts the immune system attacks its joints and organs. It results in inflammation, destruction, and damage of the involved joints, tissues, or organs. Like most autoimmune problems, rheumatoid arthritis also affects women more commonly than men. 

Rheumatoid Arthritis is an autoimmune condition that predominantly affects the joints in one’s body. It may also affect other parts like the skin, lungs, eyes, heart, blood vessels, and bones. A dysfunctional immune system characterises autoimmune disorders. The body’s immune mechanism, which is supposed to fight against harmful bacteria and viruses, attacks its joints, tissues, and organs. In the case of rheumatoid arthritis, the immune system attacks its joints and organs. It results in inflammation, destruction, and damage of the involved joints, tissues, or organs. Like most autoimmune problems, rheumatoid arthritis also affects women more commonly than men. Statistically, it occurs three times more in women than men and is typically seen amongst 30 to 60-year-olds.

What causes the gender differences in rheumatoid arthritis? Rheumatoid arthritis not only affects women more but also causes a severe disease manifestation in them. Although the exact cause of rheumatoid arthritis is unknown, genetic, hormonal, environmental, and lifestyle factors are assumed to play a role. The gender differences can be attributed to genetic (X chromosome) and hormonal factors. Women’s immune systems are stronger and more reactive; this might help explain a greater prevalence of autoimmune problems. The X-linked genetic factors can also be held responsible for severe disease in women.

Hormonal factors are thought to play a role because the disease is influenced by pregnancy, childbirth, breastfeeding, menopause, and the menstrual cycle. These significant bodily changes fluctuate the hormonal balance in the body. Generally, normal levels of female hormones Oestrogen and Progesterone protect against rheumatoid arthritis.

  • Sometimes, women who have rheumatoid arthritis may experience disease remission during pregnancy. The condition is also known to flare up post-childbirth.
  • Breastfeeding has been found to reduce the risk of getting rheumatoid arthritis.
  • The disease may appear after having a baby or around menopause.
  • Women may experience worsening symptoms during the second week of their menstrual cycle when the hormonal levels are low.

The disease severity is greater, and its progression is faster in women. Research suggests that women may experience more physical pain for the same painful stimulus as compared to men. Rheumatoid arthritis is also known to cause more disability in women as they have lesser muscle strength than men. In contrast, the male hormone Testosterone suppresses the immune system, which is primarily responsible for the disease, explaining the less severity of symptoms in men.

How to deal with Rheumatoid Arthritis?

  • It is best to seek timely treatment from a specialist and follow up regularly
  • Avoid smoking as it worsens the symptoms
  • Moderate alcohol consumption may have some beneficial effects as it tends to reduce exhibitory symptoms by reducing inflammatory activity
  • Maintain a healthy body weight as being overweight can worsen your rheumatoid arthritis
  • Regular exercise has been found to improve rheumatoid arthritis
  • Frequently consume fish rich in Omega-3 Fatty Acids to gain protection against rheumatoid arthritis

Although there is no cure for rheumatoid arthritis, modern medical treatments can help keep the disease under control and achieve remission. The importance of early diagnosis and appropriate treatment of rheumatoid arthritis in women cannot be stressed enough, as they are likely to have a severe disease with rapid progression. Hence, proper, timely medical care helps limit disability and improves the quality of life.

(Dr Siddharth M. Shah is Consultant Orthopaedics & Joint Replacement Surgeon, SL Raheja Hospital, Mahim)